Governments, shipping corporations, freight transporters, and freight brokers all play crucial roles in keeping the world’s supply networks for transportation going. The new normal requires better planning and adaptability to deal with sudden changes in production, commerce, and shipping patterns. The industry has anticipated change over the last two years and instated the necessary countermeasures.
Customers that send heavy items can help by reducing resistance in the shipping process.
We at Custom Crating and Logistics know that special cargo handling is distinct from conventional container transportation.
With an unrivaled global network and years of experience shipping oversized and heavy shipments, we can deliver your special cargo anywhere in the world. Our multilingual team of specialists in special cargo has in-depth knowledge of the difficulties involved and is here to assist you at every stage.
We can handle large, heavy equipment, the logistics, crating, and packaging requirements for all commercial and industrial market segments. We provide crating options for everything you can think of, unlike most pack and ship firms, which have weight and dimension restrictions. We have no trouble with things that are too huge, heavy, or expensive for others.
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Methods for Shipping Heavy Items
Heavy machinery is typically transported using containers, LoLo, RoRo, and flat racks. Depending on how you want your equipment to deliver and whether it needs specialist shipment due to its unusual size, you will need to decide which modes of transportation to use. Flatbed trucking is usually always needed to convey freight to its final destination. However, occasionally a combination of these methods may be necessary.
Malcolm McLean established container shipping in the United States in 1956. He introduced intermodal transportation that was smooth and effective. This delivery model is described as follows by The Free Dictionary: To pack (freight) in substantial, uniform containers for speedy transportation and handling.
Container transportation provides advantageous economies of scale, flexibility, and uniformity for bulk imports or exports. Containers with conventional dimensions of 20, 40, 45, and 53 feet are used for container transportation. They are constructed under international standards and provide more convenience for truck, rail, and shipping firms.
Open-end, open-top, open-side, half-height, flat-rack, refrigerated, liquid built, and conventional dry cargo is among the various container kinds. As each container is sealed during travel due to its high volume capacity and security, shipping containers are used to move commodities globally.
The LoLo Approach:
The LoLo Method, also known as lift-on/lift-off, involves the usage of cranes or derricks to load and unload containerized cargo over the top of a shipping vessel. Since LoLo ships can hold larger containers and typically have onboard cranes, more goods may be transported on board.
Since vehicles do not need to be driven aboard the transport vessel, shipping heavy equipment using the LOLO system has a significantly lower environmental impact, making it a more environmentally friendly option.
Roll-on/ Roll-off Method:
In contrast to lifting them using cranes, the RoRo approach comprises driving cars directly aboard a ship and guiding them into position. While equipment that cannot be pushed is mounted on handling equipment with wheels and rolled into and off the vessel, motorized vehicles like cars and tractors drive onto the tanker on their wheels.
Since cars need to be put into trains or trucks to go to the departure port and later from the reaching port to their final destination, this procedure requires more than one mode of transportation.
Flat Rack Transportation Method:
Flat rack shipping containers are particularly well suited to transporting large machinery and heavy equipment that must be loaded from the top or sides. Because the bulkheads of these useful racks are their sole sides, goods might protrude during transit. There are collapsible and non-collapsible flat rack containers and models with and without walls, though the latter is more popular.
These adaptable containers are available in the typical 20- and 40-foot sizes. While some 40-foot containers have gooseneck tunnels at both ends for safe and simple transportation, most have forklift pockets. Massive, bulky, and heavy-duty cargo that cannot fit into a standard container due to wall and roof constraints is perfect for this type of container.
Flat racks are made of reinforced steel for their stiff, durable construction. Heavy-duty tarpaulins are used to cover products in transportation to protect them from damage to delicate cargo. Clamp locks, lashing rings, and pad eyes fasten the hold to the container’s frame. If the freight is weatherproof, flat racks may also be left open.
Providing details for shipping heavy equipment:
If you don’t provide your shipping business with accurate information about your goods, the cost to carry heavy equipment might increase much more. Freight data is crucial, especially if you’re shipping large pieces of machinery across states or internationally. Custom Crating and Logistics will want the following details:
- The exact model of the equipment
- A list of any alterations the equipment has undergone
- Precise weight and dimensions. The margin for error is minimal since even a minor calculation error might necessitate employing alternative vehicles and containers, prolonging delivery times, and increasing prices.
- Let us know if your goods need to be palletized, crated, or tarped.
- It’s also a good idea to include photos, which are precise visual references that show the exact appearance of your heavy machinery to the shipping firm you’ve picked. Understanding scale and dimension requires a variety of viewpoints.
Shipping all types of cargos with Custom Crating and Logistics:
Oversized and overweight cargo is defined as having dimensions and capacities that are more than that of a single standard container. We have the knowledge and tools necessary to deliver whether you need to transport a 350-ton tugboat, a crane arm that is 46 meters long, or a propeller that is 17 meters in diameter.
We offer specialized and effective transportation options for your in-gauge, out-of-gauge, and break-bulk goods.
Factors That Determine Cost Of Shipping Heavy Equipments
Overhead expenses are influenced by the cost of tracking freight, insurance, packing supplies, mileage, and broker fees. The price of transporting heavy machinery is determined by density, destination, insurance, and priority.
- The expenses associated with equipment collection, handling, delivery, and mode of transport are determined by density (size and weight).
- The final destination of your package will increase fuel consumption and cost and might result in additional taxes and customs charges.
- Due to the extra work carriers put in to ensure items arrive on time, expedited shipments will always cost more.
- Bulkier, unusual, or rare model equipment will cost more for insurance.
A product’s freight density is how much space it takes up compared to its weight. Since vacant space is detrimental to efficient freight transportation, the amount of space equipment takes up during transit is just as crucial to carriers as its weight.
Freight class is also determined by density. There are a total of 18 freight classes (standardized shipping industry price classifications), ranging in size from 50 to 500, according to the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA). The cost of shipping increases with the higher the freight class.
The space an object takes up with its weight is known as freight density. It gives carriers the details they need to move your package along. Always factor in packing and pallets when determining the density of heavy gear and equipment. For instance, more room may be required to handle heavy or unusually shaped items with projecting arms, such as excavation equipment.
Use the following formula to determine the density of your shipment:
Total cubic inches = height x length x breadth
To find the total cubic feet, divide the cubic inches by the number of cubic feet (1,728).
Calculate the density of your shipment by dividing its weight by the total volume in pounds per cubic foot.
Add the combined weight of all pieces of machinery or equipment before dividing by the total cubic feet of the cargo. Then, round fractions to the nearest cubic foot amount.
Delivery times have decreased and increased simultaneously since the pandemic’s arrival. Retail products can arrive the same day, but supply chains have been disrupted, and demand has surged due to travel restrictions and widespread internet purchasing. Fuel and delivery costs may rise when the busiest ports create bottlenecks in the supply chain.
However, the cost of transporting heavy machinery is determined by the bulk of the cargo and the underlying expenses. When capacity is constrained, carriers are more likely to offer space for a higher price. They could provide a more appealing rate if the business is slow. The occurrence of seasonal surges may also affect this.
Cost-effectiveness no longer takes precedence when expediency is required for heavy machinery shipment when speed is a need. Packages might go on low economical routes and cost more to transport in terms of fuel and labor. Because of this, expedited shipment is more expensive.
Learning how to ship equipment may not be profitable for certain companies. To transport heavy equipment to its destinations securely, quickly, and affordably, they instead employ freight brokers to coordinate shipment between a carrier and a shipper. Reputable freight brokers maintain a vast network of shippers to facilitate an easy international shipment.
Most significantly, their knowledge enables them to be a valuable asset while moving various heavy machinery, each of which may have special requirements. Experienced freight brokers will be knowledgeable about the criteria and have likely dealt with similar, if not identical, difficulties that arise with transporting large cargo.
Broker fees can be more than that, but the typical range is between 15% and 20% of the total shipping cost. A reputable and valued freight broker may help you avoid numerous costly mistakes if you are unfamiliar with the best practices and industry standards for a freight shipment, although they are not free.
Most trustworthy shippers provide limited liability coverage, which means the total protection is based on the kind of commodity and its insurance and restricted only by those terms. The value of the cargo is not entirely covered by this. You must demonstrate the equipment was properly packed and undamaged upon pickup to be entitled to the amount of a carrier’s coverage responsibility should something go wrong.
Remember that the carrier is not always totally accountable for weather-related and other natural calamities. Therefore, obtaining insurance ensures that, no matter what, your heavy-duty equipment is protected. Liability insurance is less secure than freight insurance, which also pays out more quickly.
Figure out the highest liability coverage for delivering significant gear before collaborating with a carrier. The best course of action is to get insurance if the value of your cargo exceeds the carrier’s payment, especially if the machinery is expensive or fragile and you don’t have time to wait for claim processing in the case of damage or loss.
To estimate transportation costs, destination freight companies employ shipping zones. A single shipping zone has a collection of zip codes spaced apart from the origin of the cargo to the destination. As a result, zip code clusters rather than miles are used to calculate distance.
Costs increase in direct proportion to delivery distance. The cost of transporting heavy equipment from the zone’s outside won’t always be lower because the route is calculated from the zone’s center. Based on these zones, the majority of carriers establish their price structures. This computation isn’t always linear because the equipment’s weight might impact the cost in various zones.
Requirements for shipping heavy equipment
You should take the following factors into account when handling heavy equipment to make sure it gets to its destination safely:
- If it is necessary to disassemble it and then reassemble it for transport?
- Is it more cost-effective to break it down into smaller parts even if it can ship in a single container?
- Will the machinery be transported by air, sea, land, or all of these?
- Does the equipment need special bracing and blocking?
- Is special corrosion protection, such as heat-sealed vapor barriers, film barriers, vapor corrosion inhibitors, or any other types of safety packaging, necessary for the equipment?
- How much notice must be given to the delivery location in advance?
- Does offloading the equipment require a crane?
- The majority of freight trips require a truck. Is the container made to withstand potentially dangerous driving conditions?
- Do you need to clean the machinery of extra aggregate, dirt, trash, or anything else that might cause friction while transported?
Custom Crating and Logistics provides full-service logistics and shipping for heavy equipment from a network of offices and warehouses spread across the country. We are a dependable source for shipping, crating, and packing machinery and equipment.